English Spelling Rules and Generalizations
Knowing English spelling rules and generalizations makes learning English more logical and easier to master.
The Letter e
The letter e is the most used letter in English. The silent e at the end of a word usually makes the preceding vowel say its name (long vowel sound). For example: game, these, fine, hope, cute.
The letter e after c or g makes the letter c sound like an s and g sound like a j. For example: nice, gem.
The letter e is found at the end of a word after a single s, v, or z. For example: mouse, cheese, gave, love, maze.
The first choice for the long e sound in the middle of a word is ee. For example: meet, feed.
Use the spelling ai to spell the long /a/ sound in the middle of words, usually before an n or an l. For example: rain, trail, mail, main.
The spelling oa is usually found in the middle of one-syllable words. For example: soap, load, toast.
The spelling oi is usually found in the middle of a word.
The sound /oo/ as in moon has several spellings (ue, ou, ew). The first choice for this sound in the middle of a word is oo. For example: soon, smooth tooth.
The spellings ay and oy are found at the end of words but may be followed by suffixes.
The spelling aw is usually found at the end of a word or sometimes followed by n or l. For example: saw, claw, lawn, crawl.
The first spelling choice for the sound of /oo/ as in moon at the end of a word is ew. For example: new, blew, flew.
The first choice for the spelling of long /o/ at the end of a word is ow. For example: show, grow, blow.
The above spelling rules and generalizations are introduced and practiced in our series English Reading and Spelling for the Spanish Speaker.
Visit our website at www.Fisher-Hill.com to learn more about this series for Spanish Speaking teens and adults.
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